Clare explains this on "The Mortal Instruments" website link
"Why didn't Jace become a vampire after Simon bit him?
City of Ashes, p. 192:
"You might remember that when [Simon] was in the form of a rat, and آپ came to fetch him from us, he bit me," کہا Raphael. "In any case, he took some of my blood into his mouth when he did it. آپ know that is how we pass our powers to each other. Through [VAMPIRE] blood."
Jace isn't becoming a vampire because he didn't ingest vampire blood. Simon became a vampire because he did."
No. Only when the vamp gives their blood to the person, they will become a vamp. In city of bones simon is in چوہا form and accidentally bites a vamp, and sucks his blood. A little bit. Not a lot. That's how simon turns into a vamp.